© Copyright 2003 Emergency Minnesota Amateur Radio Disaster Data Network
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We built right after 9/11/01 a wide area data network using AX.25 packet radio on a single frequency.  It is designed for low data rate, high value urgent messages.  If you are trying to replace the Internet, you need different technology.   We will keep it on the air as long as we can get parts and there is a need for it. 

You can build nodes in your area.  Units in back yards are not very useful as nodes they may have limited range and are subject to being unplugged in storms, people moving out of town, etc.  The best plan is to get a good site like a city water tank and put up a real 24x7 node with a written site agreement, insurance, decent well grounded equipment, etc. 

We suggest later-model (KPC-3 or newer) Kantronics TNCs unless you have experience with "Node" type firmware. Very early Kantronics units (KPC1/2/2400) do not have a transmit timeout timer, and can/do lock up.   Desktop computers use a lot of AC power and make unreliable node site contollers. 

A hardware reset is always a good idea. Take all defaults. />
You need to turn on the KA-Node:

Numnodes=4 is one we pick
Mynode=MNLLLL where LLLL is something useful like an airport code

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design: tronicmedia.nl
145.67 Mhz Statewide Packet Radio
Packet News:
1/18/19: Five new nodes are being installed on 145.670.  One is in Forest Lake and there will be a full time link to Rochester.   It is OK to run BBS/Winlink systems on 145.670- please no unattended mail forwarding on 145.67 as the channel can fill up and be saturated for hours by this traffic.  We have a few core Twin Cities backbone nodes on 145.01 also.  145.01 serves as a backup to 145.67. 
3/25/18: Our packet network on 145.67 was used by several counties for official EOC-EOC traffic for the "Big NFL Game" here in Minneapolis
7/1/16: K0LAV is continuing to update packet nodes on 145.67. 
12/6/14:  I got a call from some folks trying to build a statewide packet network in Indiana.  The way to go is to establish a limited mission and scope and get your own sites and frequency.  Note the "Hidden Transmitter Problem" does not apply to sparse long haul packet networks.  There is apparently a packet network in operation called DAREN in West Virginia.
10/1/13: A large scale packet node was installed in Bayport, MN at 300' HAAT.  MNWASH. 
4/7/2012: The minimum power bill for our Rush City 145.67 and APRS site is getting  excessive - $30/mo.  So we are going to switch 145.67 to Solar unless a sponsor comes forward.  We have a low power packet station in stock.  Hopefully the Duluth link will still be OK. 
6/19/11: A simple basement packet station on a deep cycle battery and with two $79 Northern Tool solar panels has now been on the air three years.
6/8/11: The lovely program PUTTY which does all this cool stuff is also a serial terminal program, to replace the one removed from Windows (r) after XP.   
5/30/11: We got a formal request from the US Coast Guard Auxiliary to provide data support in the Red River/Fargo/Grand Forks area.  This would require several sites (100 feet) in the area, and some linking sites en route.  This is not an expensive job on packet.  These sites could be gradually upgraded to D-Star, as our site standards require the use of a Tri-Band (Comet GP95) antenna and high grade feedline so D-Star can be added. 
4/4/2011: It is being reported Amateur Operators are needed in the Red River area (NW MN) for flooding duty.  It is too bad we don't have an extension to the 145.67 or 145.01 packet network up there at least.   It would only take a station or two to get as far as Little Falls as an example to get on the backbone. 
News 9/24/10: We put a new high performance 145.01 node in Hilltop. MNCHTS
News 11/14/08: MNMONT is back on the air on 145.67, and has a good signal south and a little east from Monticello. Ideally, it would go more north east to help out the Central Minnesota Hospital Project, which is roughly on a line from St. Cloud to Duluth.
News: 8/5/08: We have a new 145.67 backbone packet node- MNMLR- located near Garrison, MN. Thanks Jerry and Al for the report here. Jerry, N0MR is reporting they are building a bit of a 440 packet radio backbone mid-state.
News: 6/29/08: We are burning in the newest solar packet node. The charge controller is working fine and it should be ready to install in a week or two. The priority project seems to us to be the Rochester/Twin Cities link. The idea is to get that working with a primary path, and then add a second/third path.
News: 4/12/08: We got some notes and calls this week. Jerry says the work on MNSTP has disrupted the Twin Cities end of the 145.01 packet network. MNWBL has an ancient radio on the 145.01 side which has failed. This is true. We need to find another NE metro site for 145.01 to get some more redundancy in place. The Hospital Compact folks are asking about packet/FM voice radios and drills and training. We sent them on to those in charge of that project.
News: 2/20/08: Two of the KAM units we got yesterday upon closer inspection turned out to be "Enhanced" units in disguise. So these could be used for Airmail, which is a Pactor based HF email system. Some of the mail BBS systems set up to accept Airmail connects over HF radio still take connections from slow legacy Pactor 1 systems. So these TNCs are useful- you pretty much need to pair them with an HF radio with a digital frequency readout in my experience to get to these BBS systems. The latest gear for this is Pactor II I think, but the modems are $1000.

News: 2/19/08: MNCLK is back online. We waited a day for the holiday and got in there today over lunch and replaced the TNC. The last site visit was in 2003.
News: 2/17/08: Jerry is reporting MNCLK is offline. He says the TNC is spewing "A"s - these lose their minds about every five years and have to be rebooted. We'll get up there this week. MNMONT - our backup to MNCLK is offline- long story- so we'll make fixing it a priority.
News: 1/23/08: We was curious if cold weather impacts our packet network- it's four degrees F out -and the answer is no- all of the links are fine. These path were over-engineered in the first place.

MN/WI Packet BBS List
Thanks Jerry, N0MR (Statewide Packet Network Operations Manager for these). Plan is for one BBS per State EM Area. These came from donated laptops.

Minnesota Area Packet BBS's Updated 8/11

Following are the major packet BBS's in the area along with the frequencies

STPBBS St Paul 145.63, 145.01

STCBBS St Cloud 145.67

HUTCH Hutchinson 145.67

BRDBBS Brainerd 145.67, 446.125

ISLBBS Isle 145.67, 446.125

DULBBS Duluth 145.01, 446.125

BALBBS Balsam Lake, WI 145.01
145.01 1200 BPS Node Status as of 8/13/09
STPONE - Our Packet/D-Star node on a nice downtown St Paul site @260 feet or so.

MNGPZ - Grand Rapids

MNWBL - White Bear Lake- Dual port

MNLF1- Little Falls- Dual port 10/24/06

HINK- Hinkley

MNHRIS- Harris

MNISLE- Crosslink .67/01 + new Telpac node w0kgw-10

MNNWD - Norwood Young America

MNDUL- Duluth .-01 gateway, reached on .67 via MNCCC7 then MNCCC

MPSTP- Twinslan link - Woodbury location- now (4/08) linked to MNSTP D-Star repeater for Citadel etc- has various issues 6/09

WISS- Duluth area
Disaster Plan
In a declared emergency, an activation message will go out over the National Traffic System (NTS) and other methods (i.e. local repeaters). Most likely, one or more BBS systems on the network will be designated as the dissemination point for official bulletins and message traffic for our served agencies, primarily hospitals and MDH.

Please stay off of the main backbone nodes and 145.67 in this situation unless you have official served agency traffic as the Statewide Network (we share just one 1200 bps radio channel) has very limited long distance surge capacity. There are many other designated packet radio channels -145.01, 145.03, 145.05 etc. (including the Twinslan backbone) where non-essential /H&W/supporting/local traffic can go during such an event.